Ce-este-si-de-ce-apare-insuficienta-renala-acuta

Ce este si de ce apare insuficienta renala acuta?

Insuficienta renala acuta este cauzata de deteriorarea rinichilor, care poate aparea ca urmare a pierderii de sange, a toxinelor sau a deteriorarii rinichilor (deteriorarii fizice). Insuficienta renala acuta apare rapid, provocand simptome generalizate, cum ar fi greata si confuzie.

Este o afectiune grava, dar poate fi tratata, astfel ca majoritatea oamenilor pot supravietui unui episod de insuficienta renala acuta, fara consecinte pe termen lung.

Simptome de insuficienta renala acuta

Rinichiul monitorizeaza cantitatea de lichid, dar si electrolitii si deseurile din organism si trimite materialele in exces pentru a fi eliminate in urina.

De precizat este faptul ca simptomele de insuficienta renala acuta apar deoarece aceste substante se acumuleaza in organism atunci cand rinichii nu functioneaza asa cum ar trebui.

Simptomele insuficientei renale acute se dezvolta foarte repede, in cateva ore sau in cateva zile. Cele mai frecvente simptome sunt:

  • Lipsa de energie si oboseala: acest simptom al insuficientei renale acute este de fapt rezultatul unei disfunctii timpurii a organelor din corpul dvs., care nu au concentratia corecta de electroliti pentru a functiona asa cum ar trebui.
  • Pierderea poftei de mancare, greata si varsaturi
  • Slabiciune musculara generalizata: muschii dvs. necesita electroliti pentru a putea functiona. Cand aveti insuficienta renala, acest lucru face ca functia musculara sa sufere.
  • Batai rapide, lente sau neregulate ale inimii: bataile inimii sunt controlate de muschii cardiaci (inima) care se bazeaza pe un numar de electroliti importanti pentru a functiona corect. Corpul incearca sa pastreze functia inimii cat mai mult posibil. Daca corpul dumneavoastra nu poate compensa efectele insuficientei renale acute, functia inimii poate suferi, producand ritmuri cardiace neregulate. Acest lucru poate duce in cele din urma la lipsa unui aport adecvat de sange in tot corpul.
  • Confuzie: acesta este un simptom grav al insuficientei renale acute, ceea ce inseamna ca creierul dvs. nu primeste o cantitate adecvata de sange. Daca aveti parte de stari de confuzie ca urmare a insuficientei renale acute, ati putea progresa rapid catre pierderea cunostintei sau coma.

Pierderea constiintei sau coma: Acest simptom inseamna ca creierului ii lipseste aportul adecvat de sange si poate duce la leziuni permanente, cu exceptia cazului in care primiti asistenta medicala urgenta.

Cauzele insuficientei renale acute

Rinichii sunt afectati de un numar important de factori, cum ar fi de exemplu tensiunea arteriala, medicamentele, starea generala de sanatate, dieta si cantitatea de apa pe care o bea o persoana.
aimgroup.ro%20

Exista mai multe moduri diferite in care  poate aparea insuficienta renala acuta. Orice lucru care afecteaza rapid rinichii, va reduce cantitatea de munca a acestora. Insuficienta renala acuta poate fi temporara sau poate fi semnul unei probleme mai mari.

Exista trei categorii principale de cauze ale insuficientei renale acute:

Prerenala

Aceasta categorie de IRA descrie cauzele care incep inainte ca sangele sa ajunga la rinichi. Tensiunea arteriala scazuta de exemplu, va aparea daca inima nu functioneaza eficient sau daca corpul devine sever deshidratat.

In acest caz, rinichii insisi nu sunt principala problema, dar sunt afectati de scaderea cantitatii de sange. Acest lucru face ca rinichii sa isi faca treaba de filtrare a sangelui.

Intrinseca

Aceasta descrie cauzele insuficientei renale in care rinichii insisi sunt afectati. Toxinele, inclusiv substantele chimice, drogurile si chiar unele medicamente prescrise, trebuie sa treaca prin rinichi si-i pot deteriora.

Exemple de medicamente care pot provoca insuficienta renala acuta includ materiale de contrast pentru testele imagistice.

Aceste tipuri de medicamente nu provoaca insuficienta renala acuta tuturor celor care le iau, altfel nimeni nu le-ar folosi vreodata. Dar pot provoca insuficienta renala acuta pentru unii oameni si poate fi greu de prezis daca veti avea aceasta reactie.

Postrenal

Aceasta descrie cauzele insuficientei renale care sunt inradacinate in tractul urinar, unde curge urina dupa ce a fost procesata de rinichi. Aceste cauze includ probleme care implica ureterele (tuburile care transporta urina catre vezica), vezica urinara sau uretra (tubul care transporta urina din vezica in afara corpului).

O piatra renala mare  sau o tumora de exemplu, poate fi localizata in vezica sau in uretra. Daca este suficient de mare pentru ca urina sa nu poata trece.

Diagnosticul insuficientei renale acute

Exista anumite criterii pentru diagnosticul insuficientei renale acute . Daca aveti unul dintre urmatoarele trei criterii in decurs de 48 de ore, aceasta inseamna ca aveti insuficienta renala acuta:

  • Daca  creatinina serica  (un test de sange care masoara functia rinichilor) creste cu .3 mg / dl
  • Daca creatinina serica creste cu 50 la suta sau mai mult de la nivelurile normale
  • Daca cantitatea de urina scade la 0,5 mililitri pe kilogram de greutate corporala pe ora mai mult de sase ore, urina poate incepe sa se retraga in cele din urma in rinichi. Aceasta presiune si fluxul de urina inapoi pot provoca hidronureteronefroza (dilatarea ureterelor si a rinichilor) si leziuni acute la rinichi.

Tratamentul insuficientei renale acute

Identificarea problemei si obtinerea tratamentului cat mai repede posibil este cea mai buna modalitate de a preveni afectarea rinichilor care provoaca probleme renale pe tot parcursul vietii sau necesita tratamente de dializa.

Tratamentele pot include:

  • Fluide intravenoase (IV): O persoana care are insuficienta renala acuta din cauza deshidratarii severe dupa ce a suferit un accident vascular cerebral de caldura se poate imbunatati cu  fluide IV . Atunci cand un volum scazut de lichid este un motiv pentru insuficienta renala acuta, furnizarea de lichide organismului poate ajuta la restabilirea nivelului de lichid.
  • Oprirea utilizarii toxinelor: Daca insuficienta renala acuta este cauzata de un medicament sau supliment, tratamentul trebuie sa includa oprirea medicamentului.
  • Dializa:  Uneori  este nevoie de dializa, o metoda prin care o masina poate face munca rinichiului prin eliminarea toxinelor si reglarea echilibrului fluidelor si electrolitilor.

In incheierea acestui articol, trebuie facuta precizarea ca informatiile prezentate au caracter pur informativ. Daca aveti simptome ale insuficientei renale acute, adresati-va cat mai repede medicului!

75 thoughts on “Ce este si de ce apare insuficienta renala acuta?

  1. Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  2. Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  3. Thanks for some other wonderful article. The place else may anyone get that type of info in such a perfect method of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the search for such info.

  4. I have to express some thanks to you just for bailing me out of such a circumstance. Right after scouting throughout the the net and obtaining proposals which were not productive, I figured my entire life was well over. Being alive without the presence of strategies to the issues you have sorted out all through your write-up is a critical case, and the ones that might have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your site. The knowledge and kindness in dealing with the whole thing was vital. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not discovered such a solution like this. I can now look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the reliable and amazing guide. I will not hesitate to recommend the sites to anybody who will need counselling about this matter.

  5. What i do not realize is actually how you’re now not really a lot more well-liked than you may be right now. You are very intelligent. You understand therefore considerably in the case of this topic, produced me individually consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested unless it¦s one thing to do with Girl gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always maintain it up!

  6. of course like your website but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to inform the truth nevertheless I’ll definitely come back again.

  7. naturally like your website but you have to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I will surely come back again.

  8. Undeniably imagine that that you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the internet the easiest thing to take into accout of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while other folks consider concerns that they just do not understand about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thank you

  9. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I believe that you must write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo topic but generally persons are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  10. I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for putting up. “No trumpets sound when the important decisions of our life are made. Destiny is made known silently.” by Agnes de Mille.

  11. It’s the best time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I have read this publish and if I could I desire to recommend you some attention-grabbing issues or advice. Perhaps you could write next articles regarding this article. I wish to learn even more things about it!

  12. Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  13. I will immediately grab your rss feed as I can’t find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  14. Throughout the grand scheme of things you get a B- with regard to hard work. Where exactly you misplaced us ended up being in the particulars. You know, people say, details make or break the argument.. And it couldn’t be much more true here. Having said that, permit me reveal to you just what exactly did give good results. The authoring can be extremely powerful and that is probably why I am taking the effort in order to comment. I do not make it a regular habit of doing that. Second, while I can certainly notice a jumps in reasoning you make, I am definitely not certain of just how you seem to unite your ideas which in turn produce the actual conclusion. For the moment I shall yield to your position however wish in the foreseeable future you connect the dots better.

  15. Most of what you assert is astonishingly legitimate and that makes me wonder why I had not looked at this in this light previously. This article really did turn the light on for me personally as far as this particular issue goes. But at this time there is actually just one issue I am not too comfortable with so whilst I try to reconcile that with the actual core idea of your issue, let me see what the rest of the subscribers have to say.Very well done.

  16. I do like the manner in which you have presented this problem plus it does present me personally a lot of fodder for consideration. However, coming from everything that I have experienced, I really trust as other reviews pile on that people continue to be on issue and don’t get started upon a tirade associated with the news of the day. All the same, thank you for this outstanding point and although I can not necessarily concur with it in totality, I value the standpoint.

  17. Thanks for some other informative blog. Where else may I get that kind of information written in such a perfect method? I have a challenge that I’m simply now operating on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

  18. Nice post. I used to be checking constantly this blog and I am inspired! Very useful information specifically the final phase 🙂 I maintain such information much. I used to be seeking this particular information for a very lengthy time. Thank you and good luck.

  19. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  20. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway, just wanted to say excellent blog!

  21. Fantastic blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any ideas? Thank you!

  22. Hey There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. This is a very smartly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  23. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a forty
    foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed
    and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share
    it with someone!

  24. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; we have created some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange methods with others, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  25. Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  26. I¦ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site. Studying this information So i am glad to exhibit that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I such a lot surely will make certain to don¦t overlook this web site and give it a look regularly.

  27. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit
    and sources back to your site? My website is in the exact same niche as yours and my users would really benefit from a
    lot of the information you provide here. Please let me know if
    this alright with you. Thank you!

    Here is my web site … sailing charters

Lasă un răspuns

Adresa ta de email nu va fi publicată.